All of the following are functions of the ankle and foot, EXCEPT for:
Subtalar joint synovitis/osteoarthritis usually provokes which of the following alternatives
Morton's Neuroma is common in runners and dancers
The plantar plate and collateral ligaments are the primary stabilizers of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints
Osteochondrosis of Navicular (Kohler I) is most commonly seen in which of the following age range?
People with medial compartment knee OA exhibit a less pronated foot type compared to controls.
Based on the Navicular Drop Test results, which of the following would respond better to orthotics?
A positive laxity test in 15 degrees of dorsiflexion and in neutral suggests a tear in which of the following ligaments
The following bony prominences are located and can be palpated during surface anatomy in the lateral aspect of the foot, EXCEPT for:
During the passive test (in prone) for mobility of the subtalar joint, which of the following best describes the direction of motion during inversion/eversion?
During the neuromuscular reeducation for plantar flexion of the talocrural joint, a posterior translation and internal rotation of the tibia/fibula is induced during the flexion movement
In which position should the hip be positioned during self-administered superficial peroneal nerve gliding?
The foot and ankle is considered as
Pre-activated muscles are stiffer and react to unexpected joint loads more quickly
The first step when introducing corrective strategies is to identify the movement dysfunction
Based on Sekir et al 2007, the isokinetic training significantly improved evertor strength and functional scores in patient experiencing FAI
On the study by Sanz, DR Lobo CC, L_opez DL, Morales CR, Marín CS, & Corbal on Interrater reliability in the clinical evaluation of myofascial trigger points in three ankle muscles, the twitch response was the most difficult to reach agreement on.
The deep fibular nerve can become irritated between tight extensor digitorum longus and the fibula
Failure of any support structure of the midtarsal joint complex results in fatigue of the remaining support structures, and loss of function of the entire complex
Paterson et al found that dynamic scoring is not representative of dynamic positioning of rearfoot and mid-foot
Neurological causes for high arch include all of the following, EXCEPT for:
PTTD causes what percentage of adult acquired flatfoot deformity
Elevating the metatarsal heads on the medial side of the neuroma may assist in decreasing neuroma compression
By reframing goals as a destination “From Here to There” the clinician provides a mental construct that the engagement is a process or a “journey”.
Patient satisfaction with physical therapy care is determined more by the outcome of treatment than by interactions with the therapist and the process of care
The professional’s interpersonal aspects have been identified as the most important determinants of not only patient satisfaction but also the patient’s evaluation of the quality of care
The calcaneofibular ligament is present in more severe ankle sprains
Symptoms of chronic ankle instability demonstrate an onset as early as
After a chronic ankle instability, 85% of people develop problems in the contralateral ankle